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The History of the Electric Car

An electric vehicle otherwise known as an EV is basically a vehicle which relies one on or more motors to achieve propulsion which is powered by electricity. Motion can be provided by propellers or wheels which are driven by motors; however when it comes to tracked vehicles, linear motors provide motion. EVs include electric trams, electric cars, electric airplanes, electric lorries, electric spacecraft, electric boats and electric motorcycles. Below is a brief history of electric cars.

Production of electric cars first began in the middle of the 19th century. Around this period, electricity was one of the most preferred methods used for putting automobiles into motion while offering level comfort and effortless operation which was only achievable by gasoline cars at the time.

In spite of their somewhat slow speeds, electric vehicles provided users numerous benefits when compared to their 1900s competitors. They had no vibrations, noise or smell which was common with the gasoline cars. The most challenging part when driving gasoline cars was changing of gears whereas electric cars left out this option. Electric cars therefore become widely popular with the well-heeled clients who preferred to use them for town drives. Electric vehicles were also well-liked since no manual effort was required when starting them compared to gasoline cars which needed a hard crank in order to turn on the engine. Later on, electric cars were made to travel longer distances at much faster speeds than their gasoline powered automobiles. They were also more affordable and consequently their popularity witnessed a steady rise.

Various factors are attributable to the downfall of the electric cars in the early 20th century. First, consumers were just beginning to accept the gas-powered automobiles. In 1908, Model T by Henry Ford was launched and it sold approximately ten thousand units in the same year. Previously, these types of cars were a preserve for the wealthy population and as such were considered luxurious items. However, Ford came up with the concept of production in an assembly line in 1913 which led to the sale of over 308,000 Model Ts. The invention of electric starter can be attributed to Charles Kettering who did it in 1912 thereby eliminating the hazards and the inconvenience associate with the hand crank starters.

Between the 60s and the 70s, the idea of vehicles that relied on alternative fuels and independence from fuel oil was gaining familiarity with the masses. Despite this, not much was available until the 1900s. After the clean air laws were passed by the American government, some automobile manufacturers started making announcements regarding addition of electric models to their lineup. Ever since the beginning of 2000, there was a notable increase in demand for hybrid and electric cars. As a result, automobile manufacturers are moving in a direction towards having more cars that use different types of energy aside from the usual gasoline fuel – also called types of alternative energy.

Currently, more and more manufacturers are producing fully electric cars. The steady rise in gasoline prices and the fact that more people are becoming aware about the need to conserve the environment have made the electric cars popular. There is also a high likelihood that they will take over as the most well-liked in future as more and more types of renewable energy sources become viable options to power cars.

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